Naraka Chaturdashi or “Choti Diwali” is a Hindu festival. It is celebrated on the second day of the festival of Diwali. It falls on the 14th day of the dark half of Kartik month in the month of November.
According to mythology, the demon king, Narakasur ruled the kingdom of Pragjyotishpur (a province to the South of Nepal). Legend has it that Naraka, son of Bhudevi, attained infinite power from a boon given by Lord Brahma after a strict penance. He regularly harassed the devtas and raided the kingdoms of the three worlds. On defeating Lord Indra, Narakasur had taken away the striking earrings of Aditi, the Mother Goddess and locked up sixteen thousand daughters of the gods and saints in his harem.
The helpless Lord Indra approached Lord Krishna for protection. But due to the blessings, Narakasur could be killed by a woman only. Satyabhama, Lord Krishna’s wife, on knowing about this was enraged by Narakasura’s malevolence towards women, and she proposed to Lord Krishna to give her a chance to destroy Narakasura. Lord Krishna granted her wish and volunteered to become the Charioteer in the battle. During the war, Krishna fainted on being hit by the arrow from Narkasur which ultimately empowered Satyabhama to kill the demon. After Narakasura was executed, the women in the harem were released, and Krishna agreed to marry them.
Lord Krishna’s divine intervention led to the killing of the demon, Narakasura and emancipation of the damsels as well as recovery of the precious earrings of Aditi. Krishna returned home in the very early morning of Narakachaturdashi.
Bhudevi, mother of the slain Narakasura, proclaimed that his death should not be a day of mourning but an occasion to celebrate and triumph. Since then, Deepavali is being celebrated by people every year with joyous celebrations with lot of enjoyment and gaiety, and fireworks.
This day is celebrated in South India by some different rituals. People wake up before sunrise prepare a paste by mixing Kumkum in oil, symbolizing blood and after breaking a bitter fruit that represents the head of the demon King who was killed by Lord Krishna, and then they apply that mixture on their foreheads. This is followed by an oil bath using sandalwood paste.
Date : Wednesday, 22nd October 2014
Day : Choti Diwali/ Naraka Chatudashi
|06:30 – 07:54 Labh||17:41 – 19:17 Udveg|
|07:54 – 09:18 Amrit||19:17 – 20:53 Shubh|
|09:18 – 10:41 Kaal (Kaal Vela)||20:53 – 22:29 Amrit|
|10:41 – 12:05 Shubh||22:29 – 24:06+ Chal|
|12:05 – 13:29 Rog (Vaar Vela)||24:06+ – 25:42+ Rog|
|13:29 – 14:53 Udveg||25:42+ – 27:18+ Kaal|
|14:53 – 16:17 Chal||27:18+ – 28:54+ Labh (Kaal Ratri)|
|16:17 – 17:41 Labh||28:54+ – 30:31+ Udveg|