Ganpati Sthapana & Visarjan Puja Vidhi

Ganpati Sthapana Vidhi (Procedure)

  • The Ganpati Sthapana vidhi commences with doing the entire puja set up, i.e. cleaning the house and gathering all the puja samagris in place.
  • Ganesh Murti Sthapana: the place where the Ganpati will be inducted is prepared. Cover the place with a clean cloth and spread grains of rice and place a Supari adorned with vermilion and turmeric. Then the idol of Lord Ganpati is inducted.
  • The Swastivachan and the Shanti Paath is read out.
  • Deep Prajwalan and Sankalpa: the devotee must then light a diya in front of the Murti, followed by an oath to undertake the puja ceremony with complete devotion.
  • Ganesh Chaturthi involves bringing a new idol home and therefore must do the ‘avahana’, i.e. welcoming and invoking the deity.
  • This is followed by Ganpati Pran Pratishtha vidhi, where you pray to Lord Ganesh to come and reside in the idol. While doing this, one must chant the Vakratunda Mahakaya mantra.
  • Arghya Samarpan: we then wash Lord Ganesh’s feet with scented water
  • Aachaman: a purifying ritual where you take a sip of the water before chanting the holy shlokas.
  • Ganesh Abhishekam: the idol is washed with water followed by Panchamrit and then scented oil. Lastly, Gangajaal is used to wash off excess oil.
  • Vastra Samarpan: the idol is then adorned in new clothes and offered rice.
  • Shodashopachara Puja: in this puja, Dhoop, Diya, Panchamrit, Prasad, Paan, Supari, Janeva, Dhruva, Itar, Coconut is offered to Lord Ganesh. In all, 16 ingredients are offered to Lord Ganesh.
  • Now the main idol is offered garland and dhruva, decorated with ornaments and each part of the idol is prayed to.
  • The puja then commences with an aarti.

This is a general Ganpati Sthapana procedure, which is generally followed but the Ganesh Chaturthi puja Vidhi may slightly vary as different communities may practice it in different ways.

Ganpati Visarjan Puja Vidhi (Procedure)

Ganesh Chaturthi is the day when Lord Ganesh enters one’s home. While His stay in one's home, He showers prosperity on the dwellers and when He leaves (one the day of the Visarjan) he takes all their problems with Him. The idol of Lord Ganesh has to be escorted out of one’s house following the proper Ganpati Visarjan procedure

Ganesh Visarjan vidhi is somewhat similar to the Ganpati Sthapana Pooja vidhi, barring a few procedures.

  • The puja commences with a shuddhikaran (cleansing) ceremony.
  • This is followed by reading the Swastivachan mantra and the Shanti Paath
  • The next step involves lighting the dweep (Deep Prajwalam) followed by taking the solemn oath of devotion to Lord Ganapati (Sankalpa).
  • This is followed by the Shodashopachara Puja, which is a sixteen step procedure.
  • The puja then concludes with an aarti.
  • This is followed by Pushpanjali (offering flowers) and Shama Prarthana (a prayer asking for forgiveness for all wrongdoings).
  • The Ganpati Visarjan vidhi comes to an end by chanting the following mantra

Avahanam Na Janami Na Janami Tavarchanam।

Pujam Chaiva Na Janami Kshamasva Ganeshwara॥